Geography North Coast

The northern Peru coast consists of the eastern region of Lambayeque, the Piura Region and the Tumbes Region. They are characterized by having different climate and geography from the rest of the coast. Driving north from Trujillo, you can appreciate the views becoming somewhat different with poses of desert in between areas leaning towards tropical vegetation. Especially in the far north of the Peru coast, you can see true mangroves round Piura for instance. These are quite populated by wildlife and even crocodiles. These are protected areas in filled with tropical forests and tropical dry forests both extending into southern Ecuador. The areas of Eastern Lambayeque also have tropical dry forests which are found in the Chaparri and Chongoyape provinces.

Nevertheless, the Northern Peru Coast is a very dry and humid narrow coastal strip. Weather is good all year round and cities like Trujillo call themselves the “city of eternal spring”. Further north the weather becomes more humid as the lower mountain barrier here than in southern Peru makes that jungle winds and tropical heat make it all the way to the coast. Furthermore in this region the effects of the Humbolt current are less than in the southern Peru coast. To the east we can find the beginning slopes of the Andes mountain range, abruptly stopping the Peru coast and going uphill to almost 7000 meters at some places. The highest Peru Mountains one can find in northern Peru, after which the Andes chain towards the north gradually goes down a bit before reaching the border with Ecuador. This means that the crossing of the Andes in the northern Peru is not as demanding than in central and south Peru. The climate changes quickly as you start from the Peru coast and drive through the mountains and suddenly find yourself going down into the dens and tropical jungles of North east Peru.

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