Lima, Peru; home to about 10 million of Limeños, 30% of the country’s population, is the fifth biggest city in Latin America after Mexico City, Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. Due to its longstanding history as one of the more important capitals in South America, not only did the population of Lima Peru increase to numbers equal to a small country, but also did manage to maintain some of its grandeur of past centuries and even regaining terrain in the new fast moving worldwide economy.
Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as La Ciudad de los Reyes, or "The City of Kings." Known for its splendor at the time, it became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru, covering almost half of the continent. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru.
Lima Peru facts;
The urban area of Lima covers about 800 km2, largely the size of Belgium and Holland together. Located on mostly flat terrain in the Peruvian coastal plain, Lima is the second biggest desert town in the world, after Cairo, Egypt. Mainly flat but having some hills located within the city limits, Lima also borders to the beginning slopes of the Andes, some of the extensive slums build against these slopes on the outskirts of Lima. The population of Lima Peru, love their city, something for the first time visitor hard to understand but once you let yourself being entangled in this city and its habitants you will grasp why.
Population of Lima Peru;
With a municipal population of almost 10 million people, Lima ranks as the 27th most populous 'agglomeration' in the world. Its population features a very complex mix of racial and ethnic groups. Mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry are the largest ethnic group. European Peruvians are the second largest group. Other large ethnic groups in Lima are the Chinese and the Japanese. The influx of Chinese workers in the 19th and 20th century, make that the Lima Peru population holds the largest community of Chinese in South America.
Lima is the industrial and financial center of Peru, and one of the most important financial centers in Latin America. Today it is home to many national and international companies. It accounts for more than two thirds of Peru's industrial production and most of its service sector.
The financial district is located in the district of San Isidro, while much of the industrial activity takes place in the area stretching west of downtown Lima to the airport in Callao. Lima has the largest exportation industry in South America, and it is a regional hub for the operational cargo industry. Many of this industry organized around Callao, one of the largest and oldest harbors in South America.
Lima's architecture is characterized by a mix in styles as reflected from shifts between trends throughout various time periods of the city's history. Examples of early colonial architecture include such structures as the Monastery of San Francisco, the Cathedral of Lima and the Torre Tagle Palace. The 21st century has seen the appearance of glass skyscrapers, particularly around the city's financial district. Lima's urban setting is characterized by lime green-lined streets as well as the abundance of plazas throughout the city. More important streets usually contain wider green areas, and plazas usually contain monuments or statues of historical figures of importance to Peruvian history. The Lima City centre is also home to the largest fountain complex in the world known as the Magical Circuit of Water. Nevertheless the increasing planned urbanization in Lima, Lima is still suffering in many ways of the fast and unplanned growth during the 19th and 20th century. Lima traffic can be horrible at times, public transport is widely available but hard to understand for outstanders and contamination levels may be high at times. Even though Lima is getting increasing developed, you will still see lots of poverty as the expansive growth of Lima mostly affected the outskirts with gigantic slums expanding all the way to the foot of the Andes. Lima's beaches, located along the northern and southern ends of the city, are heavily visited during the summer months. Numerous restaurants, clubs and hotels have been opened in these places to serve the many beachgoers.
Being the major point of entry to the country, the financial, political and urban capital of Peru, Lima has developed an important tourism industry, characterized by its historic center, archeological sites, nightlife, museums, art galleries, festivals, and popular traditions. Lima is home to an ample range of restaurants and bars where local as well as international cuisine is served. Lima is probably one of the culinary capitals of South America and more and more trendsetter on worldwide level.
The city's historic centre is located in the Cercado de Lima district, “El Centro”, and it is home to most of important buildings of Lima's colonial past, the Presidential, the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima, and dozens of hotels, some operating and some defunct, that used to cater to the national and international elite. Especially Hotel Bolivar is worth mentioning for its art nouveau decoration and the fact they claim to have invented the Pisco Sour, the Peruvian aperitif.
The upscale San Isidro district is the city's financial center. It is home to many prominent figures and is also where the main banks of Peru and branch offices of world banks are headquartered. The other, probably best known upscale district is Miraflores, which has many luxury hotels, shops and restaurants. Miraflores has more parks and green areas in the south of Lima than most other districts. Larcomar, a popular shopping mall and entertainment center built on cliffs overlooking the Pacific Ocean, featuring bars, dance clubs, movie theaters, cafes, shops, boutiques and galleries, is also located on the coast in this district. The coast is called Costa Verde and is being elaborated to be one of the bigger parks and seaside walks in Peru.
Barranco, which borders Miraflores by the Pacific Ocean, is known as the city's bohemian district, home or once home of many Peruvian writers and intellectuals. Whatever you may be looking for in a South American city, Lima has it all; history, shopping, culture, gastronomy, nightlife and even beaches.
Therefore you often hear that Lima is a missed chance. Many people do not take the time to get to know this city and its people…something essential to understand Peru.