North Peru Climate
As you look athe map of north peru, you can see that, as is most of Peru, the area is home to different types of climate on a relatively small area. Starting off with the Huaraz weather, it is clear that the Huaraz weather conditions are heavily influenced by its location at 3080 meters above sea level. Located in a valley surrounded by snowcapped mountains, the Huaraz weather conditions are the perfect example of the weather you can find in many of the highland towns in Peru. The dry season is from April to October after which slowly starts the wet season with its peak around January and February. The dry season is marked by clear sunny days (heavy sun) and cold nights due to the lack of clouds. This also makes it the best season for hiking as the views become even more spectacular and the nights filled with stars. Rain can happen but is very limited and mainly concentrated at night in this season. By the end of the dry season the vegetation can become somewhat browner as the drought has had its toll. In the wet season, Huaraz weather is as you would expect quite wet. In the beginning this will be mainly during the day, but by January and February these showers can last for almost all day. In the beginning and end of the rainy season, the sun does shine often and views can be equally spectacular due to the clouds playing through the highest peaks. In this season the nights are less cold but due to the rain the temperatures can drop rapidly now and then. Overall, taking into account the Huaraz weather graph, the best months for trekking would be from April to end November.
More to the north, the Andes become less wide and the climate changes we are more abruptly. As you go up from the north coast to the Andes, the mountains do not reach as high as they do around Huaraz and in the south of Peru. This makes the transfer between the ocean and the jungle less abrupt. A lot of the area is cloud forest. Cloud forests can be as dense as the deep jungle but is marked by higher vegetation. Also as the name says, cloud forests can be found on an altitude between 1000 and 2000 meter above sea level, where there is a lot of cloud formation. The climate is quite wet and humid. Temperatures reach into the high 20’s and during midday much higher. In general this area has the same calendar as the highlands when it comes to rain, with the exception the quantity can be much bigger and the duration way longer. Also during the “dry season” rain is much more common here than in the highlands. This area is amazing for its views, waterfalls and vegetation that grow in the entire region. There is also still a lot of wild life in these forests such as the Speckled Bear, the only native South American bear.