North Peru geography
When talking about the geography of northern Peru (without the Coast), one first has to look at the map of northern Peru to understand this region. The north of Peru can be divided into two areas, let’s say the southern part and the northern part. The difference between the two is that the Andes Mountains are much wider in the southern part than in the northern. Even more the northern part almost has no peaks over 5000 meter, meanwhile the southern part (of north Peru) hold about 60% of all mountains over 5000 meters in the country. This makes the southern part a very rugged and difficult to travel land, with very little population. The area is due to its geography facts one of the prime hiking lands in South America. With the many snowcapped peaks, crystal blue lagoons and pristine nature, this area asks to be discovered on foot.
The highest mountain in Peru, Huascarán (6,768 m), is located here. Huascarán National Park, established in 1975, encompasses almost the entire territory of the Cordillera Blanca.
Another famous mountain; the 5,947 m Alpamayo mountain was declared "World's Most Beautiful Mountain" by an international survey some years ago. The estimated number of glaciers of the Cordillera Blanca is 260. As with all Andean glaciers, the Cordillera Blanca has witnessed a major retreat of it’s during the 20th century due to global climate change. Studies have shown a retreat of over 20% since the 1970s. Many experts warning that most glaciers may be gone within decades. The Laguna Parón – biggest in the Cordillera Blanca – is considered the most beautiful of all glacial lagoons; it is a deep turquoise blue.