The Peruvian Rainforest
The Peruvian Amazon is the area of the Amazon jungle included in the territory of Peru, from the east of the Andes to borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia. This region comprises 60% of the country and is marked by a large degree of biodiversity. Peru contains the second most Amazon jungle after the Brazil. These are also the only two countries in the world where half of the territory is taken up by rainforests.
The Peru Rainforest, even though making up about 60% of the country, holds only about 11% of the Peruvian population. The Peru Rainforest can be largely divided into two different parts of jungle. The High jungle is located on the western slopes of the Andes mountain range and is situated on an altitude between 1000 and 2500 meters above sea level. In general the climate is hot, and gets warmer and more humid when heading down to the Low Jungle. The high jungle is characterized by cloud forests, as the name says forests in the clouds. These clouds are formed by the collision of different weather types and provide a lot of the humidity in the region. Rainfall therefore is quite voluminous and during the wet season, making many places almost unreachable by road. Besides the humidity, this also gives the forests a very mystical appearance. The wildlife in these forests is quite abundant and larger mammals do live here more than in the Low Jungle due to the less dense forests. These forests are due to the altitude differences also home to beautiful waterfalls, giving the rivers the chance to join the mighty Amazon River. The rivers running through this region also make that the region is home to fertile valleys and land. In this region and altitude most coffee in Peru is grown. This altitude is also the home of the cocalleros, the farmers growing coca leaves.
Once under 1000 meters above sea level, you have reached the true Peru Rainforest, the Amazon Basin of Peru. This is the large plain that is made out of the great number of rivers running through this area. Part of the area is swampland that floods completely in the wet season. This plain runs from the Bolivian border all the way to the Colombian border in the north. The area is very hot; with average temperatures around 30° Celsius and humidity levels hardly go under 75%. The area is famous for its wildlife, especially the amazing quantity of birds that live in this area. Other animals often seen in this region are monkeys, parrots, reptiles and amphibians. With a bit of luck you may see a crocodile here and maybe even one of the famous pink dolphins living in larger parts of the Amazon River.
In this area there are very few roads making the main mode of transport via the river. As the region is so hard to travel, it is obvious that many areas are still more or less unknown. The Peru Rainforests counts with countless tribes, some of them hardly known to the outside world. Some of these tribes still live very far in the jungle and have hardly or none contact with the world. In 2008 a new tribe for instance was detected from a plane, and it has been documented that the indigenous started attacking the plane with spears and arrows. In order to get to know this area you will have to experience the rivers and travelling them, an unforgettable experience.
When flying over the South American rainforest, it is clear that the rivers are the highways of this territory. The rivers flow through this area as snakes in this green covered vast land. All settlements therefore are located at rivers as this is for many people the only way to get in or out of the area. The biggest settlements in the Peru rainforest are Puerto Maldonado in the South, Pucalpa in central Peru, and Yurimaguas and Iquitos in the north. The last two are located at the actual Amazon River itself. The Amazon River is according some investigations the longest river in the world, it origins retraced to the Arequipa region in southern Peru. The river in Peru contributing most to the Amazon River is the Apurimac River, one of the best rivers in the world to do multi day Wild Water Rafting.
Home to many national parks and reserves, this part of the country is houses a great diversity of wildlife. Peru rainforest holds the first position worldwide when it comes to number of species of birds and third when it comes to the number of mammals. Almost 70 % of both species found in the Amazon Basin.
Therefore a complete Peru trip cannot be complete with a jungle experience in one of the many jungle lodges we can book for you. Manu, Tambopata or Iquitos, amazing places for a guaranteed amazing experience. These jungle lodges or Amazon River cruises will provide you with a great and ecological responsible experience, giving you some days to explore this amazing area and its fauna and flora.