Sacred Valley Cusco Geography
When looking at the Sacred Valley map, one immediately takes notice of the extremes this valley is located in. Situated at an hour drive from Cusco, or a 35 km hike, the Sacred Valley is located on a 600- 800 meters lower altitude than Cusco. Arriving from Cusco one has to cross the Altiplano of almost 4000 meters between Cusco and the Sacred Valley. From here the road goes down steeply until you reach the bottom of the valley on about 2800 meters altitude. On the other side the Vilcabamba Mountain range rises up to peaks of over 5000 meters altitude. Pisac is the highest point in the Sacred Valley at about 2900 meters altitude. From here the Valley gradually goes down to Ollantaytambo located on an altitude of about 2500 meters above sea level. Through the valley runs the Urubamaba (or Vilcanote) River, providing the valley with its fertile land it has been known for from the Inca age until the day of today.